Causes teenage dating violence
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been a well examined and documented phenomenon in adults; however, there has not been nearly as much study on violence in adolescent dating relationships, and it is therefore not as well understood.The research has mainly focused on Caucasian youth, and there are yet no studies which focus specifically on IPV in adolescent same-sex romantic relationships.In 1995, 7% of all murder victims were young women who were killed by their boyfriends.In situations of dating violence, one partner tries to exert power and control over the other partner through physical abuse or sexual assault.Dating violence is violence that occurs within a dating relationship rather than, say, marriage; and dating violence is as much a problem for teenagers as it is for adults.In fact, statistics show that one-in-three teenagers have experienced teenage domestic violence in a dating relationship.Further, many adolescents have difficulty recognizing physical and sexual abuse as such and may perceive controlling and jealous behaviors as signs of love (Levy, 1990).This article provides a critical review of the research literature with respect to risk factors for both perpetrators and victims of dating violence and examines the research on the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.
Researchers have begun to focus on identifying which risk factors and protective factors most strongly relate to teen dating violence.
In an NIJ-funded study of 5,647 teens (51.8 percent female, 74.6 percent Caucasian) from 10 middle schools and high schools (representing grades 7 to 12) throughout New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, researchers identified several factors related to increased risk for dating violence.
The researchers focused especially on cyber abuse but found that the following factors related to multiple forms of abuse: Another NIJ-funded study examined multiple risk factors among 223 at-risk, low-income teens in central Virginia.
One important goal of research on teen dating violence is to understand which youth are more vulnerable to experiencing violence in their relationships.
Identifying youth at risk for violence increases the likelihood of early intervention and prevention.